“Turkey’s electoral system awards seats based on a proportional representation formula that tends to reward larger parties and coalitions. Parties that fail to achieve the 10% minimum of the national vote have any seats won reallocated to others that meet the threshold.

In March, the AKP-dominated parliament passed a bill that permitted electoral alliances in Turkish elections for the first time. The law allows smaller parties to skirt the 10% threshold by entering a coalition.

Shortly afterwards, the AKP and the nationalist MHP announced an alliance, amid fears that the latter would fail to garner enough votes to enter parliament after backing Erdoğan’s re-election.”

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