July 20, 2019
Education is key to self-awareness and self-development. The right to education for every single person has been a global goal for decades, but since the 1990s, female education and women’s empowerment have come into sharp focus.
The key role of female education in economic and political development in addition to the role it plays in contributing to the health and welfare of the society reveals the fact that female education is the one of the most critical ingredients in transforming a society.
In the developing world, apart from most countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, enrollment ratios of girls lag behind those for boys (Hill & King 2010). There are a plenty of reasons leading to the low degree of female education in developing countries. Political culture, economic factors, the policies of governments, sociological determinants all play a major role.
On the other hand, another major challenge that women in developing countries confront in regards to education is poverty. Another challenge to female education in developing countries is child marriage. Lastly, in developing countries, political factors including war, and patriarchal traditions, and low parental literacy rates play a major role as well.
Paving the way for making more women have education can address some of societies’ deeply rooted inequalities and problems like that of economic inequality or gender inequality. Primary education alone helps reduce infant mortality significantly, and secondary education helps even more. In addition, female education leads to better reproductive health, improved family health, as well as lower rates of child mortality and malnutrition and can be a key factor in the fight against AIDS and HIV infection.
In addition to the above-stated outcomes of female education, the crucial role it plays in fighting global poverty should be underlined as well. According to a report issued by World Bank, better educated women tend to be healthier, participate more in labour markets, have fewer children and marry later.
In developing countries mostly having traditional societies, girls are prevented from having education because of lower priority given to educating daughters (who marry and leave the family) and the lower status of girls and women in general.
Educating women matter for many reasons. First of all, education gives women the opportunutiy to have a good job. When women have a job and earn more money, they are more likely to invest their money in their children and households and this will ultimately enhance family wealth and well-being.
Based on an African proverb saying, “If we educate a boy, we educate one person. If we educate a girl, we educate a family – and a whole nation.” İt can be said that investing in female education means investing in a nation. As noted earlier, women’s education contributes to the political well-being in developing countries. Educated women are more likely to participate in political discussions and influence decision-making processes, which ultimately promotes a more democratic government.
Finally, it can be said that, education is a fundemental human right, and females represent approximately half of the world’s population, their right to education cannot be ignored. It is very significant to empower women and to educate them to eliminate gender disparity.
You can follow the links below if you want to have ideas and insight also about female education in Turkey:
Globalpartnership.org. 2019. Girls’ education and gender equality. Available at: https://www.globalpartnership.org/focus-areas/girls-education [Accessed July 15, 2019].
Chandwani, J. 2015. “Healthcare-Seeking Behaviors of Mothers regarding their Children in a Tribal Community of Gujarat, India”. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4455300/ [Accessed July 17, 2019].
Hill, M. and King, E. 2010.” Women’s education and economic well-being”. Available at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/714042230 [Accessed July 14, 2019].
Karuti, S. 2010. “Educated Girls Lead to Empowered Societies”.
Paddison, L. 2017. “Educating girls: the key to tackling global poverty”.
Author : Begum Burak