This week, I had the opportunity to make a presentation about media actors in Indian context in an International e-Conference.


The Conference hosted different scholars from different countries. My presentation generally covered the online, print and visual media actors in India. In my presentation I tried to adress the main actors in Indian media scene along with media-politics relationship issue.


The e-Conference was organized by Nepal Institute for International Cooperation and Engagement, Moolya Foundation and Amity University in India. The theme of the conference was “Reimagining South Asia: Multilateralism in the Post COVID World






Media plays a key role in liberal democratic regimes. There are many functions of media especially news media in enhancing democracy. Mass media shapes the way facts are viewed. A free and plural media is the safeguard of a healthy democracy. Media holds very significant functions in a democratic regime. Journalism serves various democratic functions like giving information, making investigation, providing society a public forum, mobilization, and democratic education. The main purpose of this essay is to answer the question of “how is the nature of media in India? and “what kind of relationship does Indian media have in political life?”

India has a developing media scene, with thousands of outlets in multiple languages. Media in India has been throughout most of its history, even before establishment of Indian empire. India has a multi-party parliamentary democracy and media as in other democracies has a key role in Indian democracy. India has got the second-largest newspaper market in the world market, with daily newspapers having a circulation of over 241 million copies as of 2018. The media of India is regarded as left-leaning liberal, especially the English-language media. The Press Council of India can be seen as a tool for the press to regulate itself. It has the function of ensuring that the Indian press is free.

In this essay, the main media actors in India will be addressed with a special emphasis on the structure of the media. It is known that, the print media, and the television media are largely family-owned.

On the other hand, it should also be noted that, in the years between 2014-2019 the media use in India has become widespread. The Indian public sphere is increasingly mediated not just by conventional media like TV, print, online, and radio but by technology as well.


You can watch the session of my talk on Youtube here:

You can read the abstracts of the presentations here:

You can reach my presentation here:









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