working and annotated bibliography

There are two main bibliography types in scholarly work:


  • Working bibliography
  • Annotated bibliography

A working bibliography “lists all the sources that you might use in your research essay. It is a “working” document in two ways. For one thing, it will change throughout the research process—expanding each time you add a potentially useful source and contracting when you omit sources that turn out to be less relevant than you anticipated” (Source: )


An annotated bibliography is “a list of citations for various books, articles, and other sources on a topic. The annotated bibliography looks like a Works Cited page but includes an annotation after each source cited. An annotation is a short summary and/or critical evaluation of a source. Annotated bibliographies can be part of a larger research project, or can be a stand-alone report in itself.” (Source: Annotated Bibliography – MLA Citation Guide (8th Edition) – LibGuides at Columbia College (BC) )




Working Bibliography about Syrian History


Batatu, Hanna (1999). Syria’s Peasantry, the Descendants of Its Lesser Rural Notables, and

Their Politics. Princeton University Press.


Choueiri, Youssef M. A. (2005). Companion to the History of the Middle East. Maiden:


Cleveland, William L (2008)., Martin Bunton. A History of the Modern Middle East. Philadelpia: Westview Press.


Collelo, Thomas (1988) (Ed.). Syria a Country Study. Washington D.C.: United States Government Secretary of the Army.


Dawn, C. Ernest (1962). “The Rise of Arabism in Syria”, Middle East Journal. Middle East Institute. Vol. 16. No. 2.


Hinnebusch, Raymond (2002). Syria: Revolution from Above. New York: Routledge


J. P. Spagnolo (1969), “French Influence in Syria Prior to World War I: The Functional Weakness of Imperialism”, Middle East Journal, Middle East Institute, Vol. 23, No. 1, Winter, 45-62.


Khoury, Philip S. (1987). Syria and the French Mandate. The Politics of Arab Nationalism 1920-1945. London: I.B.Tauris&Co Ltd Publishers


Peter A (1998). Shambrook, French Imperialism in Syria 1927-1936, Lebanon: Ithaca Press.


Pipes, Daniel (1990). Greater Syria the History of an Ambition. New York.


Pohly, Michael (1996). Political Extremist Organizations, the Islamist Network. Washington D.C.: Publication of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs.


Provence, Michael (2005). The Great Syrian Revolt and the Rise of Arab Nationalism. University of Texas.


Seale, Patrick (1986), The Struggle for Syria, A Study of Post-War Arab Politics 1945-1958, London: I. B. Tauris and Co. Ltd.


Thomas Collelo (Ed.), (1988) Syria a Country Study, Washington D.C.: United States Government Secretary of the Army.


Zisser, Eyal (2007). Commanding Syria: Bashar al-Asad and the First Years in Power. London.



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