Comparative politics is a sub-field in political science discipline characterized either by the use of the comparative method or other empirical methods to explore politics among countries.

The comparative study of politics examines “political institutions – from constitutions to executives to parliaments to parties to electoral laws – and the processes and relationships that account for stability and change in political economy, culture, conflict, government, rights and public policy.” (Resource: Comparative Politics and Government | Pillars | About ( )

Comparative politics is constituted by research across a range of substantive areas including (but not limited to) the following:


  • Politics of authoritarian and democratic states
  • Political violence
  • Political identity
  • Democratization and regime changes
  • Elections, and party systems
  • Political economy of development
  • Origins of the state
  • Comparative political institutions


According to Sodaro (2008: 28–29) the main purposes of studying comparative politics are as follows:

– widen our understanding of politics in other countries;

– increase our appreciation of the advantages and disadvantages of our own political system and to enable us to learn from other countries;

-develop a more sophisticated understanding of politics in general e. g., the relationships between governments and people, and other concepts and processes;

– help us understand the linkages between domestic and international affairs;

– help us see the relationship between politics and such fields as science and technology, the environment, public health, law, business, religion, ethnicity, and culture.

Resource: Sodaro, M. J. (2008) Comparative Politics: A Global Introduction. 3rd (ed.). New York [etc.]: McGraw-Hill.

Further reading:

Clark, William; Golder, Matt; Golder, Sona (2019). Foundations of Comparative Politics. Thousand Oaks,CA: CQ Press.

Elias, N. (2000) The Civilizing Process: Sociogenetic and Psychogenetic Investigations. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers; 1stedn 1938.

Poggi, G. (1978) The Development of the Modern state: A Sociological Introduction. Stanford, Califf.: Stanford University Press.

Roskin, M. (2000), Countries and Concepts: Politics, Geography, Culture, Pearson.

Tilly, C. (ed.) (1975) The Formation of National States in Western Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

**My recent youtube video is an attempt to introduce some of the main concepts used in Comparative politics field.


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