The Coronavirus pandemic has transformed the way (academic) information has been circulated all around the world in an enormous way. I have lately been active in many webinars and zoom conferences since the outbreak of the pandemic.



The International Center on Nonviolent Conflict (ICNC) based in Washinton D.C. has been one of the centers that I have learnt during the pandemic. I applied for the fifth edition of a highly popular, information-packed and free participant-led online course. This course is known as Civil Resistance Struggles: How Ordinary People Win Rights, Freedom, and Justice. The course began on March 4, 2021, and will end next week April 22, 2021.



This week, we are in Module 7 in the course. This module addresses the new frontiers in civil resistance studies. Module 7 is divided into four units, each one focusing on a different frontier in the field of civil resistance studies:

— An analysis on how civil resistance movements can work to establish democracies after the initial struggle against an autocratic regime is defeated.

–The interviews with Brazilian activists.

–The intersection of resistance and faith.

–The use of cultural practices, art, and literature in resisting oppressive regimes.


One of the readings in the module was authored by Maciej Bartkowski who is a Senior Advisor to ICNC. His article asks a specific question: “Do Civil Resistance Movements Advance Democratization?”

The article can be read here: ICNC – Do Civil Resistance Movements Advance Democratization? (



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