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This article was first published on Modern Diplomacy This is the last piece of my “Turkish politics” article series. In this piece, I will try to address the role of civil society in Turkish political life and democracy in a brief way. The role of civil society is very important in shaping the democratic institutions… » read more

Posted by Begum Burak

This article was first published on Modern Diplomacy.   The media-politics relationship in Turkey has been one of the most important factors shaping the quality of democracy.   Media is seen as the “fourth estate” in modern democracies. It acts as a “watchdog” for state affairs. The media coverage of issues is very important in… » read more

Posted by Begum Burak

This article was first published on Eurasia Review   Media is seen as the “fourth estate” in modern democracies. It acts as a “watchdog” for state affairs. The media coverage of issues is very important in agenda setting. Media freedom is essential to a working democracy as agenda-setting is one of the significant roles of… » read more

Posted by Begum Burak

This article was first published on Modern Diplomacy   The state-religion relationship and secularism policies in Turkey have been of a scholarly endeavor for both local and international researchers. While analyzing democracy journey and modernization history of Turkey, secularism has been one of the top-analyzed issues. The first attempts of secularism were witnessed in the… » read more

Posted by Begum Burak

  This article was first published on Modern Diplomacy   “…Turkish Army is determined to defend the unitary secular state founded by Ataturk… Protection of fundamental characteristics of the republic cannot be considered as an intervention in domestic politics.” said, Isık Kosaner, ex-Chief of the General Staff   Democracy as a regime type is the… » read more

Posted by Begum Burak

    Comparative politics is a sub-field in political science discipline characterized either by the use of the comparative method or other empirical methods to explore politics among countries. The comparative study of politics examines “political institutions – from constitutions to executives to parliaments to parties to electoral laws – and the processes and relationships… » read more

Posted by Begum Burak

    I have launched a Youtube channel on Ottoman-Turkish History through which I present literature review and academic comments on Ottoman-Turkish History. I aim to reach to young scholars studying Turkish politics in particular.   One of my videos is on the following link:   Ottoman Political and Societal Structure – YouTube   My… » read more

Posted by Begum Burak

There are two main bibliography types in scholarly work:   Working bibliography Annotated bibliography A working bibliography “lists all the sources that you might use in your research essay. It is a “working” document in two ways. For one thing, it will change throughout the research process—expanding each time you add a potentially useful source… » read more

Posted by Begum Burak

Barrington Moore has been a very influential scholar with his encompassing analysis of specific countries like England. In his work Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy (1967) Moore studied how weakening social interests and political structures played a major role in making the new political order. Capitalist transformation in England caused change in class relations… » read more

Posted by Begum Burak

This short blog piece is an attempt to summarize renowned sociologist Zygmunt Bauman’s approach to Holocaust in the light of his book entitled “Modernity and the Holocaust” The holocaust which is characterized by the brutally murder of millions of people is a black mark in history. Zygmunt Bauman has interpreted the Holocaust together with the… » read more

Posted by Begum Burak