Archives for Kemalism

This article was originally published on BESA Center web page.   EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Turkey has never had a fully liberal democratic regime. The country, which suffered the authoritarianism of the Kemalist regime’s top-down attempts to modernize, is now experiencing a different form of authoritarian consolidation under the AKP-controlled government. Authoritarian consolidation can be defined as… » read more

Posted by Begum Burak